Specific language and learning disabilities

The vocabulary “specific language and learning disorders” includes not only dys (dyslexic, dysphasic, dyspraxic, dysorthographic, dysgraphic, dyscalculic, etc.) but also specific attention disorders. These disorders cause problems in children access to learning, but adults often retain persistent difficulties in certain acts of daily or professional life.

We speak of “specific disorders” because they are disorders which affect an isolated sector of mental functioning, the other sectors being intact. They cannot be explained either by an intellectual deficiency, or by a psycho-pathological problem, a sensory disturbance or socio-cultural disinsertion.

These specific language and learning disorders are most often invisible at first glance, but nonetheless constitute substantial and lasting alterations in cognitive functions. These difficulties can limit people’s activities or harm
their social life.

It is generally considered that around 6 to 8% of the population is affected by these specific language and learning disorders. In France, more than 4 million people are affected. Among them, nearly 600,000 are affected by severe disorders.